Shop All Carrots


  • Botanical name: Daucus carota
  • Carrot size: 6"-7" long
  • Depth to plant seeds: .25" deep
  • Spacing between plants: 2"-4" apart
  • Spacing between rows: 12"-18" apart
  • Days to germinate (sprout): 7-21 days
  • Germination soil temps: 65F-85F
  • Soil needs: 6.0-6.8 pH
  • Sun needs: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Half-hardy to frost and light freezes
  • Planting season: Winter, spring, summer, fall
  • # of plants per sq. ft.: Appx. 16 plants per sq. ft.
  • Avg. Days to maturity: 75-80 days

Good companion plants: Broccoli, Cauliflower, Chives, Lettuce, Onion, Parsley, Peas, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Tomato

Cultivation & History (source)

About Carrots

Carrots are an annual cool-season crop, half-hardy to frost and light freezes. They develop quite normally under a variety of temperature conditions, except very warm temperatures. It is often said that frost, or cold weather will make them even sweeter.

Carrots grow quickly at first, sending down a tiny orange root that expands and develops more quickly toward the end of its growing period. As with all root crops, rapid, steady development produces the best results. Keep the row weed free with light shallow cultivation or heavy mulching.

The seedlings must have steady moisture to develop well, with less moisture as the roots mature. Too much moisture at the end of maturing will cause the roots to crack. To prevent greening the shoulders, hill up dirt around the greens.

When to Plant

Carrots are hardy, and can be planted as soon as the ground can be worked. For a continual crop, sections of the row can be planted every 2 weeks to late May. For a fall crop, more sowings can be started in late July.

How to Plant

Since carrot seed germinates slowly, it can be mixed with radish or leaf lettuce, which germinate quickly and mark the row. The pulling of radish and leaf lettuce plants will also provide some natural thinning. Carrots do not transplant well, so start them outdoors once the soil is at least 45 degrees F.

Sow seeds evenly in a very shallow furrow, about 1/4 inch deep, and keep seeds moist so they will germinate.

Space rows about 12" apart and when the first leaves emerge, thin to 1" apart; when true leaves emerge, thin to 3" apart.

If you delay final thinning a bit, you can use the removed roots as baby carrots.

How to Harvest

Mature carrots will be ready in about 2 months, although some gardeners find them more succulent when they are pulled earlier than this. A tiny head or crown of orange will appear at the soil line when the carrots are maturing. The diameter of the carrot is a good indication of its maturity level. If the diameter is about what you would expect, the length probably is also. The only way to really know is to pull a few up. Pull only those carrots needed since they remain fresh in the ground for some time. The late summer crop can be harvested in winter if mulched, a light frost is said to sweeten the carrot's flavor. The darkest and greenest tops indicate the largest carrots. Carrots store very well in the fridge when covered in water.


Browse through hundreds of different varieties




Save 50%
All-in-One Wildflower & Pollinator Scatter Garden Variety Pack -
Basil, Licorice -
Basil, Licorice
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Basil, Lime -
Basil, Lime
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Basil, Thai -
Basil, Thai
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Bean, Bush - Tendergreen -
Bean, Bush - Tendergreen
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Eggplant - Round Mauve -
Eggplant - Round Mauve
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Cucumber - Homemade Pickles -
Cucumber - Homemade Pickles
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Collard - Vates -
Collard - Vates
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Carrot - Lunar White, 12" Long -
Carrot - Lunar White, 12" Long
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Borage (Starflower) -
Borage (Starflower)
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Chervil (French Parsley) -
Chervil (French Parsley)
Sale priceFrom $1.50


The SECRET to getting more tomatoes on every plant

The SECRET to getting more tomatoes on every plant

Maybe it's time to give your tomatoes a little bit extra "care and encouragement", in the form of spanking them. Now, we're not endorsing plant abuse here by any means, but what we are suggesting is making sure that all of those tiny flowers get the proper pollination they need to produce fruit. 
How to Grow a Giant Pumpkin from Seed

How to Grow a Giant Pumpkin from Seed

If you’re planning on growing a GIANT pumpkin, keep in mind that you may need anywhere from 400 sq. ft. all the way up to 1200 sq. feet for just ON...
38 Edible Flowers To Plant In Your Garden

38 Edible Flowers To Plant In Your Garden

Nothing will impress your friends and family like sprinkling some colorful flowers into a salad, onto pastries or even as a garnish in their favorite drinks. Edible flowers will add a beautiful splash of color to many dishes and they are readily available, when you're growing them right in your own garden.
15 Herbs You Can Grow at Home To Make Your Own Tea

15 Herbs You Can Grow at Home To Make Your Own Tea

These 15 herbs will make a wonderful addition to your collection of "tea making supplies"!  Start curing your ailments naturally by growing your own herbal remedies. You can use them individually or mix and match to create unique tones and flavors that are suitable to your own liking. 
Your Guide to Gardening Through all 4 Seasons

Your Guide to Gardening Through all 4 Seasons

As the weather becomes consistently cold (in late October and early November, in the upper Midwest), you can work at preparing your garden for winter. There are several aspects to winter preparation.
How to Deal with Squash Bugs

How to Deal with Squash Bugs

Squash bugs can destroy crops and are quite the nuisance. Check your squash plants daily for signs of squash bugs and their eggs.   What to look...
How to Save 🍅 Tomato Seeds

How to Save 🍅 Tomato Seeds

There are several ways that you can save your heirloom tomato seeds, but here are two of the most popular techniques.  Fermentation Method: Choos...
How To Tell When 🍆 Eggplant Is Ripe

How To Tell When 🍆 Eggplant Is Ripe

One of the easiest ways to determine if they are ripe is to gently squeeze the eggplant. Once you release, the skins should "bounce back". If indentations remain, the fruit is not quite ripe yet. 
Prepare NOW for a garden in the fall!

Prepare NOW for a garden in the fall!

Summer will soon be over but having a thriving vegetable garden doesn't have to end when summer does. With a little bit of planning, and p...