This one plant gives you two different culinary condiments. Cilantro is the leafy aromatic herb with a tangy citrus-parsley flavor, used in Latin and Asian cuisines. Coriander is the dried seed, whole or powdered, with an earthy, floral flavor used as a spice in Indian cuisine. One tastes nothing like the other, so if you’re in the part of the population that thinks the leaves taste like soap, grow it just for the seeds or the tiny pinkish flowers, which are quite sweet. Cilantro prefers cool weather, and this slow-bolt variety will tolerate a bit more heat, putting out more leaves for a longer time before it starts bolting out tasty flowers and Coriander seeds. Leaves, stems, flowers, seeds, and root of this fast-growing herb are all edible. It also likes shady spots, so a good one to grow indoors.
As a companion plant, it attracts pollinators and beneficial insects, and repels aphids, carrot rust fly, grasshoppers, mosquitoes, potato beetles, and spider mites.
As a medicinal herb, Coriander has been used internally to treat anxiety, arthritis, bad breath, colic, constipation, diabetes, diarrhea, flatulence, indigestion, inflammation, insomnia, lack of appetite, nausea, nervousness, pain, stomach cramps, and urinary tract infections (UTIs), and externally to treat rheumatism, headache, joint pain, and tired eyes.
⚠️ Medicinal properties are presented as information only, and are not a recommendation or prescription for use. Consult a medical professional before using any herb medicinally.
SEED PLANTING TIPS
- Botanical name: Coriandrum sativum
- Life cycle: Herbaceous annual
- Hardiness zones: 2-11
- Planting season: Spring, fall
- Days to maturity: 30-65 days; can begin harvesting when 6" tall
- Depth to plant seeds: 1/2" deep
- Days to germinate (sprout): 10-21 days
- Germination soil temps: 50F-65F
- Spacing between plants: 6"-8" apart
- Spacing between rows: 18"-24" apart
- # of plants per sq. ft.: Appx. 4 plants per sq. ft.
- Soil types: Sandy, loamy, rich, moist, well-drained
- Soil pH: 6.1-7.8
- Sun needs: Full sun, part shade, full shade
- Water needs: Average
- Cold stratify: No
- Frost tolerant: Yes
- Heat tolerant: No
- Drought tolerant: No
- Deer resistant: Yes
- Culinary use: Yes
- Medicinal use: Yes
Good companion plants: Anise, Asparagus, Basil, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrot, Celery, Chervil, Collards, Cumin, Dill, Kale, Kohlrabi, Lemongrass, Lettuce, Mint, Mustard, Oregano, Parsley, Parsnip, Pea, Potato, Rutabaga, Spinach, Squash, Tomato, Turnip, Zucchini
More facts about Cilantro/Coriander:
- This slow-bolting strain is grown primarily for its broad, deep green, celery-like, pungent foliage.
- Used in Oriental and Mexican cuisine.
- Use seed to flavor meats, pickles and baked goods.
- Coriander contains antioxidants. It has also been used as a folk medicine for the relief of anxiety and insomnia. Coriander has also been documented as a traditional treatment for diabetes.
See Cilantro/Coriander Recipes & Growing Tips on our Pinterest Board
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